One thing that can trip up beginner learners of Spanish is possessive adjectives. You have to think about whether the noun you’re referring to is masculine or feminine, singular or plural. There’s also the same word for your, his, her, its, and their! We’re here to help you sort through it all with an easy lesson about possessive adjectives in Spanish.

Possessive Adjectives in Spanish

mi/mis
tu/tus
su/sus
su/sus
su/sus
nuestro/nuestra, nuestros/nuestras
su/sus
su/sus

my
your (familiar)
his
her
your (formal)
our
your (plural)
their

*Those learning Spanish for travel to Spain will also want to learn vuestro/vuestra, vuestros/vuestras meaning “your.”

Possessive Adjectives in Spanish

Ella es mi esposa.

While that may look intimidating, it’s quite simple when you get the hang of it:

  • mi, tu, su, nuestro, nuestra are used when talking about singular nouns
  • mis, tus, sus, nuestros, nuestras are used when talking about plural nouns
  • nuestro/nuestros are used for masculine nouns, while nuestra/nuestras are feminine

Get some practice by following along with this short video:

Examples

Here are the examples used in the video for you to practice:

Mi familia es muy grande.
My family is very big.

Ellos son mis amigos.
They are my friends.

Dónde esta tu casa?
Where is your house?

Estas son tus llaves.
These are your keys.

Su español es muy bueno.
His Spanish is very good.

Él es su esposo.
He is her husband.

Sus hijos viven en la ciudad.
Their children live in the city.

Esos son sus libros.
Those are your books.

Nuestro coche es rojo.
Our car is red.

Estos son nuestros perros.
These are our dogs.

Nuestra casa es pequeña.
Our house is small.

Esas son nuestras plantas.
Those are our plants.

 

See if you can try to make some examples on your own using each of the possessive adjectives learned in this video lesson. Make sure you’re also learning a new Spanish word every day while you’re at it!

About the Author:sasha

Sasha is an English teacher, writer, photographer, and videographer from the great state of Michigan. Upon graduating from Michigan State University, he moved to China and spent 5+ years living, working, studying, and traveling there. He also studied Indonesian Language & Culture in Bali for a year. He and his wife run the travel blog Grateful Gypsies, and they’re currently trying the digital nomad lifestyle across Latin America.



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