STOCKHOLM – American scientists David Julius and Ardem Patapoutian -of Lebanese and Armenian origin- they stayed this Monday with the Nobel Prize in Medicine for the results of their research on the how the nervous system perceives temperature and touch.
His “revolutionary discoveries” allowed “to understand how heat, cold and mechanical force can unleash nerve impulses that allow us to perceive and adapt to the world ”, informed the Nobel jury, in Stockholm.
A) Yes they prevailed against those who sounded louder in speculation: Hungarian Katalin Karico and American Drew Weissman, pioneers of RNA vaccines and professors at the University of Pennsylvania, whose findings paved the way for laboratory vaccines Pfizer / BioNTech and Moderna, applied to hundreds of millions of people in the world against Covid-19.
The winners were announced by Thomas Perlmann, Secretary General of the Nobel Committee. “This really solves one of the secrets of nature”, said the representative and added: “Actually, it is something crucial to our survival, so it is a very important and profound discovery ”.
The prestigious award includes a gold medal and ten million Swedish crowns, equivalent to about $ 1.14 million. The award comes from a fund left by the Swedish inventor Alfred Nobel, the creator of the award, who died in 1895. Last year it fell to three virologists for the discovery of the virus of the hepatitis C.
Julius He is 65 years old and is a professor at the University of California. Use capsaicin (or capsaicin), an active compound of the chilli Peppers what causes a burning sensation to identify a sensor in the nerve endings of the skin that responds to heat.
Patapoutian, serving as a professor at Scripps Research in California and born in 1967, he used pressure-sensitive cells to discover a new type of sensors that respond to mechanical stimuli on the skin and internal organs.
Among the main candidates to win this year’s Nobel Prize in Medicine were not only those who promoted messenger RNA vaccines, but also researchers in cell adhesion, epigenetics or resistance to antibiotics and new forms of treatments in rheumatology, according to experts in scientific awards consulted by AFP.
The scheme will continue tomorrow, with the announcement of the Nobel Prize in Physics and Wednesday, with that of Chemistry; before the expected awards of Literature, Thursday, and the Peace, on Friday, which is the only one awarded in Oslo. Meanwhile, the Economy will close the Nobel season next Monday.
AFP and AP agencies