Lighting a garden well is an art. It is making a synthesis of landscaping using the most significant elements that compose it, imagining the use of spaces and creating scenes using different effects. To make it it is necessary to capture the spirit of the place and define what sensation we seek to create in the people who live it or contemplate it.
Artificial light has the ability to reveal and show everything, or it can make the eye see what we want it to see. Three experts on the subject, Sabrina mandel, architect, professor at the UBA and lighting designer; Ruben Amsel, designer of lighting and luminaires for exterior and landscaping, and Carola Crostelli, architect and specialist in visual environment and surface lighting, shared some tips with Jardín Magazine and here we gather the main aspects to take into account when lighting your outdoor space.
- The sooner the electrical wiring is started on site, the fewer limitations will arise and there will be better chances of achieving goals proposed within the lighting project.
- Before deciding what to light and how to do it, it is important analyze the view from the house, of existing trees, equipment, circulations, massifs and existing plants.
- Try to illuminate what is necessary, that the lighting is controlled and does not produce glare.
- The contrast of warm light versus cold light is a recurring resource, and it is interesting to make a good mix of both.
- Try a suggestive lighting so as not to lose the spirit of the night, and not to dazzle.
- In urban patios it is not advisable to illuminate the limits because the space is reduced. The ideal is to regulate the perimeter lighting, so that some of the limits are dark to highlight plants and tables light them from above.
- Depending on the species, they can be lit from above, to cast shadows, but If the shape of the plant is very slender, it should be done from below.
- Do not include the entire project in the same ignition. Create different scenes using effects.
- In trees: it is always interesting to combine optics to achieve different effects depending on the morphology of the species. In very large trees, the luminaires must cover the entire shape so as not to deform it. This is done by having a good optical control of the luminaires, that is, that all the light that is emitted is directed to the glass without losing too much power along the way.
- For the selection of outdoor luminaires, it is necessary to take into account that meet certain technical characteristics, such as the index of protection to the ingress of solids and liquids. It is also important that the electrical installation is carried out by suitable personnel and that they comply with current regulations.
- It is convenient that the origin and source of light are concealed, so that the illuminated objects can be seen but not know from where or how.