Only 32.2% of the population with disabilities of working age can access a job and the most affected are young people up to 29 years, with a marked gap between men and women, according to the latest report by Indec on the situation of people with disabilities in 2018.
For this reason, from several organizations that work for inclusion, they seek to make visible the contributions of people with disabilities and promote social and economic autonomy, through protected workshops, work cooperatives and campaigns to raise awareness among companies.
Another door that opens the disability certificate is the possibility of accessing a job through the employment agency in state agencies (by law, 4% of its staff must be occupied by people with disabilities).
In addition, to stimulate hiring in the private sector, employers of a person with a certificate obtain some tax benefits, such as the reduction of income tax of 70% of the remuneration and the exemption of 50% of the social charges during the first year and 25% for the second.
However, although laws do exist, one of the main obstacles to inclusion is the “invisibility circle”, which prevents dimensioning the number of people with disabilities or their productive potential. “When they begin to be recognized, the problem goes through the installed prejudices: many times, the process of incorporation is by a diagnosis and not by a capacity,” says Javier Lioy, director of La Usina, a civil association dedicated to working with this part of the population
That there are laws and regulations is not enough for inclusion. Although the specialists assure that our country has all the legislation that it needs, there is still discussion, public policies and information to reach those who do not know the disability and break down the installed prejudices.
“To promote an inclusive model, it is essential to disseminate information with signs that remind you that if you have a child with a disability, you can take out the CUD and how to do it, campaigning with the benefits of hiring people with disabilities and going to schools and explain why it has to be inclusive, “concludes Elizabeth Aimar, a lawyer specializing in the right to health and writer of the book