A decade ago, the first home of Angeles (30 years), in the settlement February 14 of Admiral Brown, was nothing more than a nylon with branches that supported it. In that improvised and extremely precarious “tent”, they spent their last months of pregnancy and the first of their daughter's life.
In the toughest times it was her mother, Dominga, who accompanied her and
He still lives in the adjoining land. Together with the volunteers of the social organization Techo, Angeles was able to build an emergency home: for her it meant a significant improvement in their living conditions. At the time, he was able to start building one of material, which is still in the process of improvement: today, he dreams of making it a second floor.
As in your case,
In 78% of informal settlements that exist in our country, new generations stay in the same neighborhood as their families, sharing the home with their parents, in a new home on the same land or settling in another nearby.
The data was released today by Ceiling, in the framework of the International Day for the Eradication of Poverty. The objective of the research is to understand the housing dynamics of families in the popular neighborhoods and the difficulty they have in accessing the land.
An alarming fact is that 56% of the population of these settlements is made up of people under 24 years old.
“Understand how these families decide where to live and why it is one of the keys to propose policies that may contain this phenomenon, prioritizing the construction of a suitable habitat for all people, avoiding the uncontrolled growth of cities, and guaranteeing rights of those who live there, “says Gabriela Arrastúa, director of the Social Research Center of Techo Argentina.
According to the National Registry of Popular Neighborhoods, there are 4416 in Argentina, where 4,000,000 people live. These neighborhoods occupy a total area of 444 square kilometers, which are mostly privately owned and contain 925,000 families.
From Techo they emphasize the situation of precariousness and emergency experienced by the families that inhabit these neighborhoods, where 70% of them are close to a risk factor (for example, the bank of a stream, a high traffic road, landfills or high voltage towers); 70% do not have access to electricity; 90% do not have a formal drinking water connection and 98% lack a sewage network.
For Arrastúa, the sustained rise in land and housing prices, as well as “the lack of credits or solutions by the State and private parties with requirements that are attainable for the inhabitants of the popular neighborhoods,” continue to push these families to the informal real estate market, “where security in tenure is not guaranteed, so projecting a space as definitive can be complex and unusual.”
The report, which includes interviews with families and community referents, also points out the consequences that new generations continue to live in the settlements. “In the first place, it will make the task of urbanizing the neighborhoods more complex in the future, due to the density and disorderly growth. Secondly, because it opens the doors to speculators, both in terms of rental and sale, which creates risks for the neighborhood and its community, “says Arrastúa.
Generally, as in the case of Angels, it is the closest family (parents or in-laws) who support the youngest and accompanied them in the creation of the new home, from lending a space to collaborating so they can buy the construction materials .
From Ceiling they emphasize that the sense of belonging with the neighborhood “is not simply because of the piece of land”, but because of everything that these families “invested in their time, resources and body to transform the space”.
Those who are mainly looking to move from settlements are, according to the report, young people who have a formal job that guarantees economic stability to meet the new expenses of a rental. However, they are especially vulnerable to any adverse or uncertain socio-economic situation: in fact, it is common for “the majority to return to or near their parents' home due to the security provided by their family, a known environment, the neighborhood support network and the need to survive. “
The report emphasizes how, “historically, the most vulnerable sectors were relegated in the struggle for access to urban land, due to the inability, mainly of the State, to provide equal and equal opportunities for all citizens.”
A few days after the presidential elections,
Techo released a series of proposals to address the problem of popular neighborhoods, in the short, medium and long term. Drag, says: “We make three great proposals to the candidates. The first is to declare housing emergency 0. That is, to have a plan to urgently solve those who are living in a very precarious situation.” And he adds: “While it is first necessary to address the housing emergency, the underlying problem is not access to housing, but access to urban land. Housing is urgent, but to solve it without addressing the issue of land not will make the families of the popular neighborhoods achieve the long-awaited security or access to a land where they can develop their life project. “
Therefore, in the second place, from Techo, the lack of regulation of the Urban Integration Regime and Regulatory Regulation of the Popular Neighborhoods, passed in 2018. They point out that although it has not yet been implemented, “it means an advance on the road towards the security of land tenure of the inhabitants of these sectors. ” However, they add that “this law legislates on what already exists, so it is necessary to complement it with rules that establish clear parameters on the new, that are proactive in terms of market regulation and urban land generation.”
Finally, they demand that the national State, provincial and local, promote the generation of land use plans that regularize access to land, zoning of cities, among other aspects.
(tagsToTranslate) Day for the Eradication of Poverty: in 78% of the settlements (t) the new generations stay in the same neighborhood – LA NACION
Publicado en el diario La Nación